Har Gobind Khorana found the assignments of the hereditary code for various amino acids and integrated, falsely, a quality out of the blue. In any case, why is this revelation imperative ? DNA is in charge of the transmission of hereditary data and monitor data from guardians to kids with a system to transmit it.
The genetic code is the set of rules that defines how a sequence of nucleotides in the RNA is translated into an amino acid sequence in a protein. In a human organism there are between 80,000 and 90,000 different proteins . The synthesis of each of these is commanded by a gene. Proteins are made up of a chain of smaller units called amino acids. Genes are common to all living beings and define the relationship between each sequence of three nucleotides, called a codon, and each amino acid.
Har Gobind Khorana was one of the first to see how the component of transmission and translating of the data of qualities worked and even accomplished the assignment of synthetically explaining one from its fundamental antecedents. Yet, that is not all, the researcher kept taking a shot at the DNA and RNA of E. Coli, a quality that has 126 sets of nucleotides.
Google celebrates in its doodle, the 96th commemoration of the introduction of Indian Har Gobind Khorana , who added to the sythesis of DNA. The scientist got the Nobel Prize in Medicine and Physiology in 1968 on account of advances in atomic science.
Khorana was born on January 9, 1922 in a British colonial village called Raipur. He was the youngest of five brothers (three boys and one girl). His family was the only one who could read and write in a town that had only 100 inhabitants.
Thanks to his passion for science, coupled with great effort and dedication, he got scholarships. He went through several universities and in different countries such as England, Switzerland and Canada. Finally, in 1949 he obtained a Ph.D. in organic chemistry.
Undoubtedly, he was one of the most important biochemists in the world. He obtained US citizenship and settled in Massachusetts until his retirement. In 1972 he announced the construction of the first artificial gene. Four years later, he made the gene functional in a living cell.